ADMIRE THE WORK OF NATURE
A three-storey palace, with incomparable beauties and wonderful ornaments, which is among the most beautiful in the Balkans, was created by nature in the bowels of Goritsa hill, which crowns the picturesque village of Perama. The ornaments chosen by nature for this were one of the most beautiful and richest. It lists 19 species of stalactites and stalagmites, while in other caves there are 6-10 species at most.
The Perama Cave of Ioannina, located just five kilometers from the city center of Ioannina in the homonymous suburb Perama, on the Goritsa hill. His legs bathes the Pamvotis Ioannina lake, made famous by the legend of Kyra Frosini and Ali Pasha.
The plain area of the basin develops around Lake Pamvotida and is surrounded by successive mountains and plateaus. Its highest points are located northwest, with Mount Mitsikeli (altitude 1811 m.) Dominating, while the lower ones develop east and south.
In the center, located between the southern slopes of Mitsikeli, the hills of the city and the hill of Kastritsa, the lake of Ioannina is formed. Around Mitsikeli, are Driskos (altitude 1278 m.) With its eastern ends ending in the valley of Arachthos, Aetorrachi (altitude 1078 m.) Which develops between Arachthos and the plateaus of Avgos, the Prophet Elias of Manoliassa (altitude 1076 m.), Megali Tsouka (altitude 1173 m.) above Kosmira, Marmara (altitude 879 m.), Tsouka (altitude 781 m.) and Pentalonia (altitude 840 m.).
The lake used to communicate, through a natural groove, with Lake Lapsista, in the northwestern part of the basin, which was drained in the 1950s, to create the plain of Lapsista. Many limestone hills form a special landscape, associated with historical sites, such as Kastritsa, Bizani, Perama Cave and Kastri Gardiki.
Geologically, the area belongs to the Ionian zone with limestone dominating. Occasionally there are minimal flushing zones. The main water element of the area is Lake Pamvotida, to which flow several streams of the basin. The climate of the region is that of the mild Mediterranean type, with a lot of rain, frequent fog and dry summer. In the mountainous parts of the region the climate becomes harsher with several snowfalls in winter.